Simple guidelines to writing cause & effect essays

Types of cause & effect essays structures

The first step of writing a cause and effect essay is coming up with an outline that will serve as a guide throughout the process. An outline is of great importance simply because it will prevent you from going off topic while making sure you remember all the necessary details to include in your essay.

Your outline will depend on the format you have chosen. While writing these cause & effect essays, there are three kinds of formats you can incorporate in your writing. These include:

  • Many causes and one effect format

This format involves exploring different causes that lead to one effect. These causes may originate from different aspects but result into a similar consequence.

  • One cause and many effects format

This format addresses various effects that have resulted because of one particular event. To use this format, you must be well versant with the cause event to enable you to easily come up with various consequences.

  • Several causes and effect format

At first glance, this format may seem, easy to employ. However, it requires comprehensive addressing of series of actions and their respective effects. The cause of a certain event should be directly linked to its effect.


follow the guidelines

Steps to composing cause & effect essays

Like any other essay, these require proper planning that will ensure a smooth writing process.

First, identify the subject of your essay. What does your paper entail? You have to choose an area that is not only of interest to you but also meets the course requirements and has the potential to have sufficient sources of information. As you write always remember the objective of your writing and avoid deviating from it throughout the essay.

Come up with a thesis statement; the statement should point out your main idea. Stick to your main idea and state the reason for your essay. The idea must not be random but well selected and have reliable sources to support it. Remember that the thesis statement will guide all your body paragraphs.

Back up your thesis; find details to support your thesis statement. Ensure the details are logic and comply with rationality and relevance of your essay. Also, place your ideas in an orderly manner. Your method of organization can be either regarding priorities, events or even classes or groups. When for instance discussing the causes of economic challenges of a country, you could start with the past causes to the current causes or vice versa. The statement in these essays should point out cause and effect arguments.

In the body, there should be a clear illustration of various instances where some causes led to effects. Exhaustively explore your thesis through the definition and also the demonstration. You could also use references to give more clarity to your subject. The points should be detailed and also have a solid back up. While addressing the causes and effect, only focus on the direct causes and effects to prevent you from steering away from the main topic of discussion.

Give elaborative examples of cause and effect instances from trusted sources. As you back up your ideas use logic and facts. Real facts and statistics are the best examples to use that show solid


support for your points.

While writing these essays, use transitional words to ensure smooth flow of your essay. Words like because, due, since, first and since are the best transitional words in cause essays and words like consequently, therefore and thus favor effect essays.

Conclude your essay by giving a summary of your argument. The best way to go about this is through the restatement of your thesis followed by a quick summary of each of the points you made while proving your argument. The conclusion should complement your introduction and help the reader see how you have been able to prove the argument you put forward.

Writing an essay that links causes to effects does not need to be an uphill task. Keep in mind the tips outlined above to ensure a well written essay.

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Olivia Campbell
Business & Mass Communications
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